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1,714 thoughts on “Contact

  1. I just made my first batch of both Boule dough and whole wheat dough last week (AB in 5). The loaves I cooked were amazing. I left about half the Boule dough and most of the Whole wheat dough in glass containers covered with plastic wrap in the refrigerator and went out of town for 6 days. When I came back last night both batches of dough were grey and stiff on top. Although the dough was only 10 days old and the book states it can stay in the fridge for two weeks,I was hesitant to use it. Any thoughts about what happened? Is the dough still usable?

    1. I just started making the breads from both your books, and I would like to make the breads a little saltier. Will it affect the final result of the bread if I add more salt to the recipes.

      Thank you.

      1. Salt inhibits yeast, so at some point, you won’t get a good rise. But you should have some leeway– just be gentle with the increase, do it in steps with subsequent batches.

      2. Just bought Artisan Bread in Five and made a batch of the basic bread in 5. Turned out great.
        I put the batch in the refrigerator 2 days ago and just now checked to see what the dough looked like. There are brownish granulars on top. Looks like the yeast rose to the top? Not sure what to think? Did I do something wrong?

  2. Dear sirs,
    You have changed my life 🙂
    Thank you very much for your effords and writing your amazing books.
    May I ask you, if it is possible to make a iphone/android application with recipes with US and European measurement, bakers percentage, changing size of recipes etc application? You may put a lot of things inside: Just imagine.
    You may podcast and videocast by itunes applications. By doing this you can be watched over millions by means of itunes and Apple TV.
    As I am baking yours and Reinhart’s published recipes I am familiar with this concept.
    I have already developted a nutritive recipe for my family.
    You know, person must do a business that feel love 🙂 If you consider this I would like to developt this project with you.
    If not, no problem, just let me know I want install it first 🙂
    Thank you very much
    Best wishes
    Tarkan Bulan

  3. Hi Dr Hertzberg,Your and Zoe’s book is wonderful.The bulk prep of the dough is brilliant.Recently, speaking to a registered Dietician,I was amazed at the sodium content in breads.I am a very compulsive label reader.I noticed that sea salt differs in sodium content comapared to mined salts per 1/4 teaspoon.Sodium content can range from 280 mg to over 500mg per 1/4 tsp.I have taken salt, put it in a coffee blender and obtain a very fine granular powdered salt.By cutting down on the salt volume, for example by half, HOW will this effect a baking recipes ?

    2nd Question: I use 9- 6×6 inch plain unglazed brown roof tiles( 49 cents at Home Depot) in my Webber grill, heated up to 550 degrees F and my Pita bread comes out great.Can I use these tiles in my oven instead of a pizza stone ?

    I found that parchment paper on the Pizza paddle really allows the raw dough to slide of te paddle with ease and better than using corn meal.

    Any Recipes for Matzah?
    Chag Sameach
    Mike A

    1. Mike: fine salt takes less by volume, but the weight is what should stay constant (sea salt has other things in it other than sodium chloride, as you note, so technically there’s less sodium per gram (or teaspoon).

      Maybe start weighing your salt with an accurate scale? Or just stick with one product and decrease the volume until you find it not salty enough; see our FAQ on this (above); click on Salt: Can I decrease the amount of s in the recipes? How do I adjust for different kinds of salt?

      I don’t think it’s worth it to grind down coarse salt…

  4. I would like to know if it is advisable to replace the 2 tablesppons of molasses in your pumpernickel bread recipe with the same amount of sorghum.
    Would this hinder the result? Do you know of any other breads I can make with sorghum? Thank you!

    1. assume you mean sorghum syrup– that should be fine. Can swap for honey, molasses, other sweeteners in our recipes, or even for sugar if you adjust the other liquids downward slightly.

  5. I made the oatmeal bread, pg. 94-95 in ABi5, today. The crust is browned and the loaf cooked through, but the air pockets are so big toward the top of the loaf that when cut it separates into two pieces. The top part of the slice barely holds together. It tastes delicious, but is very messy.
    What have I done wrong?

  6. Dear Dr Hertzberg,
    I want to know how to double, halving or changing your recipes? Just mathematical or other tricks are necessary to know.
    Do you have btw, a kind of bakers percentage calculated recipe lists?
    I have purchased your pizza book by means of Kobo. It is an other fantastic work.
    Thank you very much

  7. help. doing a wood burning pizza oven party for easter first time. decided to use your 4 cup cake flour 4cup king arthurs unbleached all purpose recipe. added 3.25 cups as you indicated. dough slightly dry. other recipes for neopolitan dough describe 62-65% hydration. your recipe figures out to about 40% am I missing something here…? thanks. love your brioche and all american style recipes

    1. “Baker’s Percentage” for water, often called the “hydration,” is an odd calculation– it’s the ratio of the weight (not volume) of water to the weight of flour. Rather than report the ratio, Baker’s Percentage just reports it as a percentage. For that recipe, you use 26 ounces of water, and a total of 36 ounces of flour, for a hydration of 26/36, or 72%, which is typical for our doughs. Cake flours vary, and if the dough seems too dry, go ahead and increase the water a bit. More on calculating Baker’s Percentage at

  8. I got your pizza book for Christmas and LOVE it. I just got your Healthy Bread in Five and made my first master recipe. It tastes great but didn’t rise as much as I expected. When I make whole wheat bread in the bread maker I usually add a splash of lemon juice to help it rise a bit extra. Would that work with your recipes too? Or would it be problem as it is in the refrigerator for days?

    Thanks very much for your wonderful books.

  9. I have a question.
    We follow a traditional foods regiment and before we eat any wheat or grains they grain must be soaked overnight in whey, or kefir or yogurt.
    I was wondering if the natural enzymes in the whey or yogurt would ‘fight’ with the natural enzymes in the yeast.
    If not, do you think I could I simply substitute 1 cup of the water for 1 cup of whey or kefir to make the bread following the rest of your recipe exactly as you have stated it?

    1. Hi J.L.

      You can use whey as part of the liquid in your dough. I have done this with great results with the whey from my homemade yogurt.

      Thanks, Zoë

  10. JL: One cup’s a great start. Assuming there’s not all that much solid in there, you probably won’t need any other adjustment. If that works, could inch it up. If consistency changes, may have to adjust total quantity of liquid.

  11. Hi Zoe & Jeff,

    Do you ever have bread recipe contests? Because I’ve come up with a wonderful California mini bagette with a sourdough tang that my husband & I believe is a winner!


  12. Hi Jeff and Zoe,
    I love your bread!
    unfortunately my husband now is not allowed to eat wheat but can eat spelt flower. Do you have any idea if you method works with spelt flower as well? Can you help or should I be the first person to test this?
    Best regards

    1. Spelt is low in gluten, but we use it in a couple of recipes in our second book Healthy Bread in Five Minutes a Day ( That book has a 100% whole grain recipe that allows you to swap in spelt for whole wheat (the recipe’s called 100% Whole Wheat Bread, Plain and Simple). Be aware that there’s more variability in spelt products than we like, so readers have sometimes had to decrease the water in that recipe when they make the switch. Also have a spelt pizza dough in our Pizza book at

      The HBin5 book calls for vital wheat gluten, the pizza book doesn’t… If your husband’s problem with wheat is the gluten, then use the Pizza book’s recipe, you can use it for bread or for pizza. That’s actually what I’d do, because the vital wheat gluten product is “distilled” from regular wheat, which he’s avoiding.

      1. Thanks very much for the speedy reply.
        I have now prepared a 100% spelt dough and will let you know how it turns out.

  13. My copy of A B in 5 m a d does not have any baking directions for Olive Oil Dough on page 134. No temp, no times, no anything. I looked in my new H B in 5 m a d and could not find it there either. What are the 0n baking day directions? Thanks.

    1. yep, that’s because it’s meant to be used in other recipes: any of our pizzas, or basically, as a boule or flatbread– search the book. Or just bake it exactly like the basic boule of chapter 5 in either book

  14. I have just been told that I am highly allergic to yeast and eggs, Is there a yeast substitute that I can use so that I can start making my own Artisan breads?

    1. Hi Doreen,

      Are you allergic to all yeasts or just commercial yeast? If it is just commercial yeast, you can create a starter by collecting wild yeasts, that occur naturally on grapes. There are several ways to collect them and it is something to experiment with. Once you create a natural starter, that can be used to make our breads:

      If you are allergic to all yeasts, even the wild ones, then you will want to stick to quick breads.

      Good luck! Zoë

  15. I very recently saw a Julia Childs baking show on PBS TV (KLRN TV locally in San Antonio TX) where in the guest who is a baker showed her how to make a sour dough starter using some flour, water, and the “wild yeast” found in the air; yes there is an abundance of yeast spores in the air all of the time. Anyway see if you can find it by researching your local public broadcasting tv station. The whole process from start to finish was quite simple and probably would be the answer to your dilemma.

    1. Ah, maybe Joe Ortiz? Another great baker, also with a book on creating a starter. Both methods are simple, but time consuming.

      Have fun and once you have the starter made, you can create our breads with it.


  16. Some of your receipes ( Limpa) calls for rye flour. I live in Puerto Rico and rye flour is not available , what can I use for substitution – whole wheat?

  17. I live in Los Angeles would like to start making Brioche need a formula for around a 150 loaves at a time appreciate your help
    Ron P.

  18. Just moved to Holland and the only “oven” I have is a magnetron (combination microwave and oven). Can I still make bread? How to get moisture in? Should I buy a toaster oven to make ABin5? Help!!

    1. Hi Diane,

      Is there a brand name, I couldn’t find any information for the oven you have. I’ve never tried baking in an oven/microwave, so I don’t have any first hand knowledge.

      Thanks, Zoë

      1. It’s a Sharp R-963. It’s a microwave and convection oven with an additional grill function. I’ve been looking into toaster and halogen ovens because making anything in it makes me nervous. Everything I cooked in the last 2 months has been on the stove. I’m running out of ideas.

      2. Hi Diane,

        I have to say, I share your bewilderment, I’m just not sure how you’d bake bread in there? Maybe other readers who have tried it will chime in?

        I know the toaster oven works for smaller loaves, so if that is an option, then that may be your best bet.

        Cheers, Zoë

  19. I am immensely impressed with this concept, and greatly appreciate all the development work, trials and troubleshooting that were utilized to result in a semingly simple but foolproof method. I also really appreciate the website posts, because alot of information can be gleaned about specific variatons. I tried using a bran enriched version of the olive oil dough in ABi5mD to which I also added a very small amount of sourdough starter – 2 Tbsp.. A resulting discoloration around the bran flakes, a noticeable darkening spreading into the lighter dough, and also a grayish surface layer on the dough gave me some concerns… but the bread cooked and tasted fine. I’m just wondering if this is somehow typical if you add sourdough, if it might be typical with the olive oil combination, or what? I didn’t have any of this with the master recipe, I did scrape down the bucket and remix to enhance the sourdough notes mentioned, but wanted to add in a bit extra sourdouh flavor. Any comments would be very appreciated, and I want you both to know that I think this endeavor of yours is going to end up being a cultural revolution of staggering proportions. Many, many kudos & thanks!!!

  20. Hi Jeff and Zoe,

    I really enjoyed your book on healthy baking and the reason I am writing is to make a comment. The next logical step for your next baking book should be baking with sprouted flours. All the larger companies (King Arthur and Arrowhead Mills) and some smaller new companies are now making sprouted wheat flour.

    I have been making my own sprouted flours for a few months and it really has made me feel so much more healthy. I have used your method with my flour and it worked how fine, with just a small amount of tweaking. Not perfection yet, but I am working on it.

    Thank you,

  21. I recently started making my own ricotta cheese. Can I use the leftover whey as a replacement for some of the water in your whole wheat recipes?

  22. I just read your article on rye and pump braid in the kitchenaid professional. I bought one and it sounds like plane taking off/. THe company did not have any comments. Can you tell me if yours is loud when running
    My original kitchenaid is 35 yrs old and runds like a dream but it is too small for me. THanks

    1. Sam: It’s definitely louder than a typical hand-mixer, but since it’s my first stand mixer I can’t really say (I have the Pro-600 as well). There’s definitely been some chatter on the web that this mixer is not the quietest. Remember that it has a larger motor than most. If it’s performing fine, I’d say you’re in good shape. If you have any doubts about its performance other than the noise level, just contact the company about exercising your Warrantee rights.

  23. I tripled the master batch and after 12 hours in the cooler I realized it is to wet-can I add more flour to this batch?

    1. Hi Dave,

      Yes, you can add more flour to the batch. You will want to let the dough sit to allow the new flour to absorb the excess water.

      Thanks, Zoë

  24. I am thoroughly enjoying the gluten free recipes in HB in 5 I since I was confirmed Celiac a year ago. Being from Montreal- a French baguette is the one thing I miss having- crusty on the outside and CHEWY on the inside. Which dough would you recommend for your G-free baguette that might get me close to that wonderful texture?

  25. Hi! I baked you Naan bread and it’s delicious! My question is: can I use labane instead of yoghurt?

    1. absolutely, but may (may) have to increase the water a little, if labane is a drier cultured milk product.

  26. I have tried the English Granary-Style bread twice and each time it bakes very heavy and sticky “wet” in the crumb. All ingredients are from King Arthur. Any hints or tips? What am I doing wrong? (2007 copyright)

  27. Live the bread and pizza!

    One question…I find the bottom of the bread is not brown or crisp/crunchy. I am use a preheat Emile Henry stone. Am I doing something wrong? I also use boiler pain with water but don’t measure it. Too much water?

    1. So assume the recipe you’re using is mostly white flour (as is the case for most recipes in that particular book), which generally will develop crunch if the oven’s hot enough. The enriched recipes don’t become crunchy, but I’m guessing you’re talking about “lean” doughs. Bet you’re oven’s cool. Also, think about steam alternatives in case your oven doesn’t trap steam well (you never know). See

  28. Hello Jeff and Zoe,
    Just made my first loaf using the master recipe from the Healthy Bread book and it was great! I was wondering if I could bake two 1 pound loaves at once and if so would I double the amount of water in the metal broiler tray? Not sure if this question has been covered yet.
    Many thanks!

    1. Don’t need to increase the amount of water in the tray, but it may take a little extra time to finish twice as much bread in the oven (not all ovens will need the extra time, especially big ones). But you may need to increase baking time about 15% (a guess).

  29. Hi
    I made the Betsy’s seeded bread from ‘Healthy Bread in Five Minute’ but we grind seeds when we put them in bread and cookies. So would I just put 3/4 cups of seeds and then grind OR do I reduce the seeds OR do I need to put less flour equivalent to the ground seeds.
    Thanks in advance!

    1. Hmm, not sure since I don’t use ground seeds in this volume. You may need a water or flour adjustment but not sure in which direction, so this will take some experimentation– please let us know what you find.

  30. I have been making master Recipe:Boule for many years…Easy, quick, perfect.
    Discovered a gluten intolerance.
    BUT have discovered flours that predate the GMO flours of today do not bother me at all. However, it is clear there is less gluten. My loaves are these pint size as far as height and if I do not use a round mold it comes out more like flat bread. I purchase the mediterranean bread flour (Anson Mills) and it is a wonderful flavor.
    I have tried many other rice, almond, etc flours but I miss the artisan crunch and this Mediterranean flour has such a wonderful flavor.

    1. Have you tried our various gluten-free recipes in our second two books, or here on the website? Obviously, you don’t want to use vital wheat gluten to jazz up the rise. Have you tried spelt flour? It’s a gluten-containing form of wheat, but it doesn’t bother some people who are bothered by regular wheat (it’s not for celiacs). Alas, it doesn’t rise quite as much as regular wheat.

  31. I love your deli-style rye on p.58 in Artisan Bread in Five Minutes a Day. But it always splits down the middle lengthwise, even when I’ve tried slashing it lengthwise. Do you know what could be causing this? Thanks. Patty

  32. I tried your wonderful bread recipe this past weekend (made four loaves) and each loaf was wet (uncooked) inside. I tried different lengths of time in the crockpot and even tried one loaf in the over and each loaf was the same. What am I doing wrong? The taste is out of this world, but the overly moist texture lent for toasting only. Any suggestions? Thank you. Janice

    1. Hi Janice,

      Are you waiting to cut the bread when it is fully cooled? If you cut into the bread while it is hot, it will be gummy. If this is not the issue, you may need to let the loaf rest longer before baking and bake for an additional 10 minutes. Are you using an oven thermometer to make sure your oven is true to temp?

      Thanks, Zoë

  33. I am contemplating buying your first book and the pizza book. However we are a family of two. Is it possible to cut the amounts back and still get a nice loaf of bread? Can they be made smaller for two people? Thank you so much for your time.

    1. Hi Rita,

      Absolutely, all of our doughs can be made in half batches, so you will have less dough on hand. You can also make smaller loaves. The only difference is the time savings of mixing a large batch all at once, but the flavor will be exactly the same.

      Thanks, Zoë

  34. I am interested in buying your book on artisan bread and am interested in eating healthy. Your Healthy bread in 5 minutes has my interest. Does it have all the information I need or do you need the first book Artisan bread in Five minutes for all the information on the process you used. Thanks looking forward to the healthy bread, we love Quinoa bread from whole foods.

    1. Hi James,

      Yes, Healthy Bread in Five Minutes a Day is meant to stand alone, so you don’t need to have read our first book to bake the healthy breads.

      Thanks, Zoë

  35. I made your recipe for the first time today-Gluten Free Crusty Boule Healthy bread in five page 236.I followed the recipe to the tee I thought. There was no rise after 90 mins before putting in oven.Still the size of a grapefruit when it came out, it was crusty but has moist dough inside no airholes as expected. I know GF baking is not easy do you have any answers. Many Thanks.

  36. Any adjustments for making a larger batch of the Master Recipe? Say, if I tripled it (or more!)would I have to make adjustments to the ingredients in any way?

    1. Hi Narie,

      No, the only thing you have to change is the size of the bucket you make the dough in. It is easier to make it by weights when you are making a large batch, so it is helpful to know that 1 cup of AP flour = 5 ounces.

      Thanks, Zoë

  37. I am working on my LDL after recent heart
    surgery. Needless to say, I eat oatmeal
    EVERY day. I have your whole grain book.
    The 100% Whole Grain Maple Oatmeal Bread.
    I would love to have a bread with oatmeal
    (lots}, walnuts, flax,,oat bran
    and dates or some dried fruit which is my
    daily breakfast. It would be so great to
    have a breakfast alternate as I LOVE toast! How would I alter this
    recipe or do you have a recipe to meet my
    health needs? This recipe is close but doesn’t have flax, nuts,oat bran,or dry fruit and since they are “dry” I didn’t know how to change the portions of wet to dry. I think I can figure out the nutrient
    part especially fiber and calories. If you
    could give me some suggestions it would be
    really appreciated Donna McClure

    1. Hi Donna,

      You can try the betsy’s seeded loaf and add oats in place of some of the whole wheat and some dried fruit. It will take some experimenting, so I’d start with a half batch or smaller until you get what you like.

      Thanks, Zoë

      1. Thanks Zoe.I was also looking at the seeded bread. I did try steel cut oats in the maple oat-Flavor and texture OK but I think I was too excited and baked it within 24 hours of mixing. I will eat this and then experiment. Also a tip from Panera’s. Cut a cooked loaf-wrap in double plastic bags getting as much air out as possible and freeze. You can use a slice
        at a time and put it directly into toaster frozen. It works great for those of us
        who live alone.

      2. Steel-cuts outs absorb water differently than typical rolled oats. They may, as you suggest, absorb more water as the dough ages and that might improve the result. No evidence for a health difference between rolled and steel-cut oats that I know of…

  38. I have your healthy bread in 5 book and love it! Have you ever used Red Fife Flour (heritage grain from Canada)? I tried it in the 100% whole wheat recipe but it did not rise so I’m wondering what went wrong since the recipe has worked great with regular whole wheat flour. Fabulous flavour though!

    1. Probably coarser grind, that makes a big difference. Try more water and replace a quarter-cup of the water with oil. Maybe sweetener too. These will make it more tender and offer less resistance to the bubbles.

  39. I will try old fashion oats. I also got the
    “seeds” for the seed bread. The bread already
    made and with toasting is improving daily.
    Might try soaking the steel cut over night but
    I have a belief the seeded bread with additional some oats as suggested maybe the answer. A heart healthy breakfast bread would
    be really a great recipe. Oats-flax-walnuts olive oil and fiber as I am working to get my LDL down as I am sure others are also.
    Thanks for the information. Donna

  40. Do I really need a 14 quart bucket in the refirgerator?
    How big does this dough get?
    I looked and cannot find a bucket that big at King Arthur.
    7-9-13 following a visit to the Mill City Museum in Minneapolis.

  41. The 14 quarts came from a faulty reading of the 10 quart recommendation for double recipes on page 14 of your book.
    The faulty reading came from doing the reading at 10 PM in Clear Lake, Iowa enroute home to Missouri.

    What I saw at the museum was an employee using your book in the “lab”. I explained my 3 year quest for big bubbles in artisan bread and he pointed to your book saying “Got one of these?” No, but I do now and think I see how your approach works to solve the hydration/shape holding issue.

    Thanks for your prompt reply,

    1. Big bubbles: from high hydration and longer rest time, up to 90 minutes. Also longer storage time, at least 5 days.

  42. Thanks for the update.
    Should I conclude that the entire recipe amounts to a big biga, stored in the fridge and introduced into the oven directly after 90 minutes of rest?
    I plan a start a batch in the morning and will report results in a few days.

  43. Loaf A after 24 hours in fridge did not rise during 5 hours of rest in a brot form. It immediately spread out on the stone and baked up at about 1 1/2 inchs tall. Small bubbles, good flavor.

    I added 1/4 cup of water per your book’s suggestion.

    Loaf B was tried at 72 hours in the fridge. It rose well in the form for 7 hours but was so wet it stuck to the cloth lining. As a result it fell. It baked up about 1 1/4 inchs tall and was stuck to the stone. Somewhat larger bubbles interesting texture and flavor.

    I just watched your video and see the oven spring that I do not get. Do you have any further suggestions for getting lift?


    1. What brand of flour are you using? Exactly which recipe (book/page number) are you trying. It sounds like your dough is a little wetter ours typically is.

      Try next batch without the brotform and cloth, just do it exactly as we do, see the post at Assuming you’re doing the basic white-flour recipe, this is the post to look at. Also our videos at

  44. I used Hudson Cream Bread Flour.
    Master Recipe pages 26 through 33.
    I weighed the flour after measuring and it weighed 1014 grams.
    Based on a cup of water at 237 grams, Loaf A had 70% hydration. This is in the middle of a 65% to 75% range recommended by others.
    Loaf B was wetter by 1/4 cup of water into 2/3 of the dough.
    I’ll try again using APF instead of Bread Flour..

  45. This is surprising– bread flour holds its shape better than AP. But maybe it has an unusual grind? Definitely try with a typical commercial product, and if you’re weighing, go with a 75% hydration (2 pounds of AP for 1.5 pounds of water, or 1000 grams AP and 750 grams water). Yes, weigh the water!

    If you do that, with a typical commercial AP, you should have exactly what we have.

    See also our conversion for bread flour at, but again, I’d be hesitant to let you increase the hydration when you were already having shaping problems.

  46. I’ll do it. I normally do weigh the water but was trying to do it your way as a starting point.
    Weights remove a lot of judgements and their attendant inconsistencies.

  47. The final loaf of my first Master Recipe came out of the fridge at 120 hours, rose on the peel for about 4 hours and went into the oven. It came out risen further and looking as it should.
    I was surprised be its mellow flavor. The sour dough flavor of Loaf B had aged to a sort of nutty flavor.
    I have recently discovered your hydration recommendations listed by flour brand and type. I wish I’d seen that three years ago!
    Thanks for all your information and help.

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