Tsoureki: Easter Bread from Greece

Easter is right around the corner, and while it is celebrated in different ways by many, one common thread is to involve colorful eggs, either in hunts or baskets or bread.

Tsoureki is the traditional bread of Easter in Greece and many other Christian countries. The dough is enriched and then twisted around brightly dyed eggs. The bread is often braided with three strands to represent the holy trinity, formed into a circle as a reference to life and the eggs are dyed red as a symbol of Christ’s blood. The bread is sweet, flavored with orange zest and a traditional Middle Eastern spice called Mahlepi, which is made from ground cherry pits (the spice can be found in Middle Eastern or Greek markets). If you don’t have Mahlepi, you can make the dough with ground Anise seed or even Cardamom. We’ve made them individual-sized here, with light pink eggs, but you could make them any color you would like (for a large loaf, we have a recipe here).

Easter Bread
You will have more dough than needed here. You could make more individual rings, or save it for another application.

1 1/2 cups lukewarm water
1 tablespoon Red Star Platinum, Active Dry, or Quick-Rise yeast (1 packet)
1 to 1 1/2 tablespoons kosher salt
1 teaspoon Mahlepi or ground anise seed
1 teaspoon orange zest
8 large eggs at room temperature, lightly beaten
1/2 cup honey
1 1/2 cups (3 sticks) unsalted butter, melted
7 1/2 cups unbleached all-purpose flour

6 eggs (you can use uncooked eggs, since they will cook while the bread is baking. The eggs are for decoration and not really meant to be eaten, so it’s a nice way to save time.)
2 cups boiling water
2 teaspoons vinegar
Food coloring
Colored sprinkles (optional)
Egg wash (1 egg mixed with 1 tablespoon water)

For the dough
Mix the yeast, salt, Mahlephi, orange zest, eggs, honey, and melted butter with the water in a 5-quart bowl, or lidded (not airtight) food container.

Mix in the flour, using a spoon until all of the flour is incorporated.

Cover (not airtight), and allow to sit at room temperature for about two hours.

For the decoration
To dye the eggs: place 2 cups boiling water, 2 teaspoons vinegar and food coloring in a bowl. Drop the eggs into the dye (if the solution cools off, reheat it and continue with the other eggs). Make sure your eggs are well rinsed before placing on the bread, so they don’t bleed color.

To assemble
Line a baking sheet with parchment paper. Take out 12 pieces of dough, each piece weighing 3.5 ounces. Gently roll each piece of dough to form a 1 inch thick rope about 13-14 inches long. Take two pieces of dough and twist to form a braid. Pinch the ends together, and form the braid into a circle. Tuck the ends underneath and press them into the dough gently so they stay put during baking. Repeat with the remaining dough, making 6 rings total.

Adjust an oven rack to the middle position and preheat the oven to 350F. Place each dough circle on the prepared baking sheet. Cover loosely with plastic wrap and let rise until doubled, about an hour. Brush each circle with the egg wash, and then decorated each piece with sprinkles. In the middle of each dough ring, gently place an Easter egg.

Bake at 350 degrees for 20-25 minutes until golden. Allow to cool on a wire rack before serving.

6 thoughts to “Tsoureki: Easter Bread from Greece”

  1. I make an egg bread for Easter also. I do the egg wash too,but when it comes out of the oven I brush it with a sugar solution (3 tsp water to 1 tsp. Sugar). It comes out very shiny. But the sugar must be thoroughly dissolved.

  2. Absolutely beautiful. I think I’ll have to try this out! BTW, I am an Artisan Bread in 5 minutes a day newbie and am thrilled to say I’m a convert now. I have a batch of herb boule loaf in my fridge right now and reviewed your book too

    – thanks for a fabulous book! I’ll have to check out your others 🙂

  3. Is this a dough that would do better refrigerated/rested or best to go ahead right after the first 2 hour +/- rise? I usually have a bucket of dough on hand, but just wanted to make sure since it has been awhile since I’ve done a brioche.

    1. Hi Arlie,

      This dough will need to be refrigerated before using. Trying to handle it fresh would be too sticky and difficult.

      Thanks, Zoë

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